Luxembourg, a small European nation nestled between Belgium, France, and Germany, boasts a rich tapestry of history. It was founded in 963 AD, with the construction of Luxembourg Castle, marking the beginning of its influential role in medieval European politics.
Over the centuries, Luxembourg’s strategic location made it a coveted prize among European powers, leading to a complex history of sieges, fortifications, and changing rulers.
Despite its size, Luxembourg played a crucial role in the European Steel Community, a precursor to the European Union, reflecting its ongoing commitment to European integration and peace.
Explore the Old Quarter of Luxembourg City
This UNESCO World Heritage site is known for its well-preserved medieval fortifications and charming old streets. Walking through the Old Quarter, visitors can immerse themselves in the country’s history and enjoy stunning views of the lower city.
Visit the Bock Casemates
These underground tunnels, carved out of solid rock, offer a unique glimpse into Luxembourg’s military past. They were part of the city’s formidable defenses and have been used for various purposes over the years, including as bomb shelters during WWII.
The great Vianden Castle
The castle was built between the 11th and 14th century on the foundations of a Roman castle and a Carolingian refuge and for a long time belonged to the Grand Ducal family, before passing into state ownership in 1977. Since then it has been restored to all its former glory. Today, Vianden Castle is one of Europe’s leading historical monuments.